ancestor of Friedrich Froebel
The ancestry of Friedrich Froebel, the inventor of Kindergarten, has been traced to Caspar Froebel, who died in 1640 at Großgölitz, in Thuringia. Caspar was appointed to the office of Schultheiß (a village magistrate or sherrif). In medieval Germany, the Schultheiß (Middle High German: Schultheize, Latinised: Scultetus or Sculteus; also: Schulthies, Schulte or Schulze ) was the head of an adminstrative district, an executive official of the ruler. It was his duty to order his assigned village or county to pay the taxes and perform the services due to the ruler. The name "Schultheiß" originates from this function: "Schuld" (debt) and "heißen" (to order).
Großgoelitz appears in a 1441 list of the places within the Quittelsdorf parish, which included Leutnitz, Unterrottenbach, Kleingölitz, Cordobang, Fröbitz and Keilhau.
Quittelsdorf was established before 1296, probably by Paulinzella monastry as a place to "settle accounts", that is collect the farm produce, which was paid as rent by the families who were tenants on the monastic lands. After the dissolution of the monastries the land around Paulinzella eventually passed to the Counts of Schwarzburg in 1575.
During the nineteenth century, members of the Froebel family were living in many German cities and members the family migrated to the United States, England, Canada and Australia.
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